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rosary workshop - museum - Spanish Colonial Collection
LATIN AMERICAN CRUCIFIXES
  from the private collection of Equatoria

 SPANISH COLONIAL TIMES
A wonderful opportunity to see the transition of design from the 1700s through the 1800s from Equador, Cusco and Bolivia during the early Spanish influence of the Colonies, known as New Spain.
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BOLIVIA I
CUSCO PERU I
CUSCO II
EQUADOR I
BOLIVIA II
2 CUERNAVACA CRUCIFIXES
CUERNAVACA CRUCIFIX  I
CUERNAVACA RELIQUARY
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THANK YOU!
With special thanks to Equatoria for sharing their private collection through these images for your study and use as students and lovers of religious art. We hope you enjoy our online museum where collectors from all over the world have allowed us to use their images for educational purposes.

SEARCH ROSARY WORKSHOP:

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  for more information see 
EQUADOR  +    CUSCO 
BOLIVIA / PERU   +  CUERNAVACA
Latin American crosses
CROSSES CAST FROM ANTIQUES



~ EQUADOR ~
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 EQUADORIAN CRUCIFIX I

obverse

reverse
4.5" x  2.87" - 1750 - 1850
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OLDEST IN OUR COLLECTION
These two crucifixes are both from Ecuador, probably 1750 to 1850. They seem to be more coin silver than sterling.  They are both hand made and indigenous to their village/place of origin in Ecuador. Both were acquired some years ago from a dealer who specialized in Latin American items. They are probably the oldest ones I have, and they may have an even earlier date.
EQUADORIAN CRUCIFIX II

obverse

reverse
5.12" x  by 3.25" - 1750 - 1850 (possibly earlier)
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BOTH HEAVY AND WORN
 Both are heavy and worn, and quite wonderful. I was told at the time of purchase that the natives sometimes referred to them as the "monkey gods", probably because many of them at the time they were made, and as they were passed from hand to hand over the decades/centuries,  may have had little real understanding of what these naive crucifixes represented, and also because the images of the figures are so primitive. I love them for this quality of naivety.




~ CUSCO ~
CUSCO (PERU) I
Quosco - Often called the 'Sacred City of the Incas', this city dates back thousands of years. The first Spaniards arrived November 15th 1533. It was renamed by Francisco Pizarro who gave it to the Spanish King following the Spanish tradition (March 23rd 1534). Calling it, 'The Very Noble and Great City of Cuzco.
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obverse

reverse
5 x 4.5 in - Late 1700s
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NOTE EXQUISITE CRAFTSMANSHIP
These  (3) crucifixes are from the same collector some years ago, who indicated to me in a general way that they were from Peru and more specifically from Cusco, and that they were getting very hard to find. (Not long after that Peru banned export of such artifacts.) They appear to be made of silver, or in the case of the one with stones, (I) perhaps coin silver. It is not as heavily constructed, perhaps because of its size, and it has no embellishment on the back. 
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But note the exquisite craftsmanship and detail of the corpus and the naturalistic designs on the face of the cross. Although there are holes for two small crosses to dangle from, the small crosses have long since been lost.



CUSCO (PERU) II

obverse

reverse
4.12" x  2.6" -  Late 1700s
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HEAVILY EMBELLISHED
   The second crucifix is of heavier construction, although smaller.  It seems to have a higher silver content. The corpus in this one is also quite wonderful, although a little more naive. Note the way the body is formed, and the oversized hands and feet. The cross is heavily embellished with naturalistic designs of flowers and fern forms no doubt indigenous to the maker's village area. It too has holes for dangling small crosses and they  have also been lost.



CUSCO (PERU) III

obverse

reverse
3.75 x 2.5 in - probably dates from late 1700s.
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'FEATHERED'
   The third crucifix has what is sometimes called the "feathered" embellishments, most notably behind the head of the corpus and at all four terminations of the cross. It is also well defined on the back. The corpus is naive in proportions, with large hands and feet and a shorter body. It is well worn. It appears to have a high silver content.




~ BOLIVIA  ~
BOLIVIA  I

obverse

reverse
3.25" x  2.12" - probably from the mid-1700s.
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SILVER ON BRONZE
This first crucifix is from Bolivia, and exhibits a very simple craftsmanship quite different from those originating in Peru .The corpus is silver mounted on bronze or brass, the halo is attached to the corpus, and the cross is not embellished, although the termination areas show a fan-shaped design.The corpus itself is less dimensional, with large hands and simple abstracted feet more like those on the crucifixes from Ecuador. It is very worn.


BOLIVIA or PERU - II

obverse

reverse
+3.86" x  2.86"  - probably from the late 1700s.
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HIGH IN SILVER CONTENT
The second crucifix exhibits an entirely different, rounded shape and a very solid supporting structure in the back. It is most probably from Peru but could as well be from Bolivia. It is heavy and appears to have a high silver content.It is  embellished front and back with flower and leaf designs. The corpus is well detailed and the arms of the cross have holes for attaching small dangling crosses which have long been lost. 




~ CUERNAVACA  ~
 A SMALL CUERNAVACA CROSS
 1.5 inches with bail 
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EXAMPLE OF  
OLD CRUCIFIX STYLE
 A small Cuernavaca, or Caravaca Crucifix. It is 1.5" with the bail, by 1". Made of silver, it is from Mexico and  is not old. I found it in Oaxaca  several years ago and thought it was an interesting form of the old Cuernavaca crucifix (see below).. It may be an item made largely for tourists.
   
RELIQUARY CRUCIFIX from CUERNAVACA

obverse
crucifix with figures

reverse 
showing relics
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 1800s (or earlier)  - 5.25 in  x 2.75 in
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CLOSE UP OF TOP
It is made of heavy brass I believe it is from Spain and seems tobe a relic crucifix, something I didn't know when I bought it, nor did the vendor know, Note red fragment of fabric showing in the back openings and I can only guess that this is probably a relic.   I've never seen one like this. (note cross will open
to show the relics inside.)




~ CROSSES CAST from ANTIQUES ~

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ITEMS AVAILABLE
 ROW 1: items below are from the same period (Spanish Colonial) as above.  ROW 2: more Antique Latin American crosses (newer). All have been hand cast in solid bronze and sterling silver (then antiqued to bring back original patina). They are part of the Equatoria Collection they have chosen to have reproduced. They may be purchase in our catalog under
LATIN AMERICAN PIECES - PC. 13

EQ.040

EQ.077

EQ.078

EQ.200

EQ.079

EQ.080

EQ.083

EQ.262

SEARCH ROSARY WORKSHOP:

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  for more information see
RELIQUARY CRUCIFIX
read about the tradition of the skull
THE SKULL IN ART  -  THE NEW ADAM
OLD EUROPEAN CRUCIFIXES
and did you know about this?
CAN YOU IDENTIFY THIS? (two skulls)
ANTIQUE ROSARY MUSEUM INDEX   -   WHAT'S MEW?
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